July 3, 2008

Base Ta Japanese Grammar

Learn Japanese Now! by Makurasuki Sensei

#17 in a 25 part series aimed at overcoming second language acquisition
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Lesson #17 – Putting verbs into the TA –form た-form

The abilitiy to put Japanese verbs into the various bases quickly without pause is a pre-requisite for speaking fluently and being perceived as being a capable conversationalist. Of all the verbs Bases (I, II, III, IV , V, TA, and TE) the TA form ranks high in usage as one of the top three most used bases for verbs only after TE-てand Base-III or root form. I am focusing on it now in order to prepare you for the quick powerful grammar secrets that employ Base TA verbs which will catapult your Japanese speaking ability through the roof. I’ll be discussing many grammar rules that use the verb in Base TA. One of the main things you should know about the TA form of a verb is that it is used to put verbs into past tense plain form. A verb in base TA form is equivalent to English’s have done or past tense perfect. The TA form of a verb has evolved from the classical form tari and it still has many uses (see lesson #23 and #19)
Tip #17 How to put a verb in Base TA

1. Vowel Stemmed verbs (i.e. those ending in either eru or iru)
a. to put a verb into the TA form when the verb has a vowel stem simply add ta
Base III
Dictionary form Stem Base Ta Meaning
i kanjita
ita To feel becomes to have felt.
To remember becomes to have remembered.
To think becomes to have thought.
To leave becomes to have left.
To be becomes to have been. (was, were)

Try putting your favorite verb ending in iru or eru into the TA form today and get your Nihongo more Jozu!
And remember…
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Until next time. Ganbatte ne! Do your best!
Makurasuki Sensei
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