November 23, 2008

Intesifiers in Japanese

Intesifiers in Japanese
Japanese intensifiers

Put a Japanese verb into its extensor form Base II, then add + any of these:

1. Yasui – easy; simple
2. Tsurai – hard to deal with, handle; hardship; difficult.
3. Nikui – difficult;hard

Yariyasui やりやすい – easy to play, do
Shiyasui しやすい – easy to do
Nomiyasui – easy to drink
Tabeyasui食べやすい – easy to eat
Noriyasui乗りやすい– easy to ride

Shitsurai or shizurai – hard to do*
Yarizurai – hard to do, difficult to play
Hikinikui引きにくい– hikitsurai – not easy to play or pull
Hanashinikui話しにくい– hard to speak
Minikui見にくい– hard to look at;ugly
Mizurai みづらい– can’t bear to look

• tsu becomes dzu or zu when compounded
o しづらい not しつらい
dzu not tsu after the shi in shidzurai (shizurai)

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